Department of Wildlife Conservation



The Department of Wildlife Conservation has been entrusted with the responsibility of preserving eco system endowed with various plants and animal species which has inherited the country with enormous bio-diversity. The main function of the Department of Wildlife Conservation established in 1949 is the conservation of wildlife resources in Sri Lanka. Accordingly, the sources of water feeding all the main revivers in Sri Lanka and catchment areas of 40 major reservoirs providing water for agriculture and hydro-power generation are protected within this wildlife reservation network which exceed 13% of the total land area of the island. The responsibility of managing this wildlife reservation network is solely falling upon the Department of Wildlife Conservation. This network consists of reservations declared under various reservation levels. 


Long term conservation of wildlife resources for present and future generations.


To ensure conservation of wildlife resources by all together under Professional Management.


  • Ensuring sustainability of wildlife resources found in all geographical, climatic biological zones through the establishment of wildlife reservation network in Sri Lanka.
  • Declaration and proper management of wildlife reservations with the specific  objectives of preserving catchment areas of major reservoirs providing water for  agriculture and hydro-power generation, preservation of religious and cultural heritage, endemic and rear wildlife species and exclusive ecological systems.
  • Ensuring long-term existence of threatened endemic wildlife species by implementing special projects and adopting suitable measures for conservation of the same.
  • Ensuring the safety of wild animal species living outside the wildlife reservation areas.
  • Effective implementation of the contemporary national wildlife policy and the law.
  • Taking action upon the authority given for implementing Convention on International Trade on Endangered Species (CITES), Convention on Internationally Important Wet Lands (Ramsar) and Convention on Migratory Species (CMS-Bonn).
  • Planning and Implementation of education programmers on wildlife to obtain maximum contribution of the general public, public officers and other group interested in wildlife conservation.
  • Planning and implementation socio-economic development programmes aimed at  minimizing people’s dependence on natural resources in wildlife reservations. 
  • Promotion of eco-tourism in reservation areas and keeping its contribution to the national economy at optimum level.
  • Promoting research activities on collecting necessary data and information which facilitate wildlife conservation and scientific management of the same.
  • Strengthening of the conservation process by building the mutual trust and coordination with the other institutions involved in conservation of natural resources.
  • Conducting educational programs on wildlife conservation for the government officers, general public and other group.
  • Implementation of socio economic development programs targeting minimizing the dependence of forest associate populations on wildlife resources.